Evening Bible Study

Mount Bethel Missionary Baptist Church

Bible Study

Facilitator: Dr. Jacques Boyd, Pastor

December 2, 2020

“God Dwells Among His People”

Exodus 20-40

Lesson Focus: The learner will focus on how God is establishing the covenant terms to direct His people in how-to live-in fellowship with Him since He will now dwell with them.

Main question: Why is it that we need to understand God’s Law if we’re going to understand God’s Grace?




  • Historical Context


mid 15th century B.C.E., at the foot of Mount Sinai


  • Redemptive-Historical Context


Promises are being fulfilled!


Israel now directed how to be Yahweh’s people




God is establishing the covenant terms to direct His people in how-to live-in fellowship with Him since He will now dwell with them.


Covenant Obligations (Chapters 20-23)


The Ten Commandments (Chapter 20)


Where do commandments fit into a covenant of grace?


  • The law teaches God’s people how to image Him






  • Galatians 3:17-19: the law leads us to Christ






  • Israel is already saved






Covenant Disobedience and Covenant Grace – Exodus 32-34





The Glory of God – Exodus 33:12-23

    • Putting the LORD to the test | 17:2
    • Worshiping other gods | Chap. 32


  • Matthew 3-4 | The true Son of God



  1. God’s Glorious Motive


  • 6:7 | “Then you will know…”


  • 14:4, 7:3-4 | “I will harden Pharaoh’s heart”


  • Revelation 1:5-6 | “To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, and has made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever! Amen.”


The Tabernacle – Exodus 25-31, 35-40:1-33


  1. Where atonement for sins is made

Hebrews 9:26



  1. Only through atonement for sins does anyone have

fellowship with God

John 14:6



  1. Where God reveals Himself

            Hebrews 1:2



  1. Where God is reconciled with His people

            Romans 5:11



  1. Where God’s glory dwells

            John 1:14



  1. A physical place for the invisible God to manifest Himself

            Colossians 2:9



  1. Where God can be known

            John 14:7



Covenant Presence


Promised: Chapter 24


Realized: Exodus 40:34-38

The Climax of Redemptive-History So Far




A Study Outline for Exodus 20-40

  1. 20-23: Covenant Obligations

Ch. 20 Decalogue as standard for all of life

21:1-22:15     Social life

22:16-23:9     Moral life

23:10-23:33   Religious calendar


  1. 24: Covenant Ceremony (the promise to be with them)


  • 25-31: Covenant Mtg. Place (tabernacle described)


  1. 32-34: Covenant Disobedience and Grace

Ch. 32- People break covenant; Moses intercedes

Ch. 33- Moses “sees” the glory of the LORD

Ch. 34- Covenant is renewed



  1. 35-40: Covenant Meeting Place Built


2. 40:34-38*: Covenant Presence of the Lord


*Notice the mirroring effect (a “chiasm”). Sections II and VI are related in terms of promise and fulfillment, and sections III and V are related in terms of directions and obedience. That puts section IV in the middle of this chiasm, making it a central and crucial part of the book. And inside Section IV there is another chiasm. Chapters 32 and 34 are related in terms of covenant broken and covenant restored, with chapter 33 being highlighted in the middle. What is interesting about chapter 33 is that that is where we most clearly see the gospel in this second half of Exodus: Moses intercedes for the sinners, and Moses himself is hidden in the cleft of the rock so that he won’t be destroyed by the glory of the LORD.


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Dec 02 2020


5:00 pm - 6:00 pm

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